This tutorial will guide you through the main functions of the scheduling and the Map view using a sample project.
Tutorial includes downloadable sample files located at the end of the article.
Step 1: Create new project
- Create a new project from template (File --> New from template). Select the default template file.
- Set project time in Project Properties window (Project --> Project Properties), set project start time: June 21, 2021 and deadline October 31, 20121. Leave other values as they are and click OK.
Step 2: Import quantities
A bill of materials can be imported from a Microsoft Excel file. You will now import one containing masses for a road line that is to be constructed.
- Take a look at the ScheduleBOQ.xlsx (located at the bottom of the article before importing. Then import the bill of quantities into your project
- Navigate to "File" and click "Import". Select ScheduleBOQ.xlsx and click "Open". In the import dialog click "Next" and then "Import".
The imported task quantities appear in the mass diagram. Cut masses are above the road line and fill masses below it.
Step 3: Import background map
One or several PDF maps of the project can be imported to the background. Next we are going to import a background map with two coordinate points (Observe the crosses marking coordinates in the lower right corner and on the left side).
- In "Home" tab navigate to "Views" and select "Map view"
- Add a background map. In "Insert" ribbon, in "Graphics" group, select "Image". Select Schedule_Tutorial_Map.pdf (located at the end of the article) and click Open.
- The coordinate points are marked with small colored circles and crosses which you see when you zoom closer.
Use the zoom sliders for each marker to zoom closer and set a more accurate position for the red and blue marker.
First select Blue marker icon and click on the center of the blue coordinate point. Write the blue marker coordinates in their fields on the right (X=4430000,Y=6785200).
Then select the Red marker icon located in the image tab and click on the center of the red marker coordinate point. Then write the red marker coordinates on the right (X=4430600,Y=6786000).
Once the coordinates are set, click OK.
Step 4: Draw a road line and create disposal area in map view
Stations in this project run from 43,000 to 43,900 and they are marked on the map. To zoom the view, click on the map to activate the view, then hold down Ctrl and scroll the mouse.
1. Draw a road line starting from station 43 000 until station 43 900. Select "Insert" ribbon and click on the "Location" tool. Select the green point in the map at station 43 000 and continue drawing a line until you have reached station 43 900. Each click adds a coordinate point for the road line.
Double-click on the green dot located at the end station to stop drawing.
Select location dialog appears. Select "Use existing location" and "Main road line" to define the location of the road line. If coordinates of the drawn road line are incorrect, you can modify the station numbers in the "Change coordinate station span" prompt.
2. Next we are going to draw a disposal area in the map view. Select "Insert" ribbon and click "Location". Draw a polygon over the purple circle on the map by clicking the points where you would like the corners of the disposal area to be located. Double-click to stop drawing.
Select location window opens. Select "Create new location" to create new location for disposal area.
The double-click on the created disposal area polygon and change the name into "Disposal area".
Step 5: Create a road connection (intersection) in Map view
Navigate to Graphics window in Map view and move "Main road line" on top of PDF map by dragging "Main road line" on top.
1. Draw a road connection from the disposal area to the main road line. Select "Insert" ribbon and click "Intersection". Click on the disposal area and draw the intersection line to the main road line. Right click to stop drawing.
2. Click on the intersection connection to edit the Intersection Properties dialog. Set Length: 420 and click OK. This means that there is a 420-meter-long intersection (i.e., connection) between Main road line station 43,000 and the disposal area’s center of mass (the disposal area is on an area without stations). The length you set should not be the beeline distance between the points, but the actual distance that needs to be driven when hauling mass, including any detours. By default, the program calculates the distance as the crow flies.
Step 6: Define disposal area and create quantity for paving in Mass haul view
Define disposal area quantity and capacity by creating new quantity and editing the quantity properties.
1. Navigate to "Insert" and select "Quantity". Create new quantity for disposal area with following properties:
- Name: Disposal area
- Quantity type: Disposal
- Maximize usage: No
- Total amount: 8000
- Location: Disposal area
Disposal area quantity should have "Maximize usage" flag set off so that haul calculation knows that disposal area should only be used when needed (i.e. in case of storing left over mass). If "Maximize usage" is on haul calculation will try to fill disposal quantity as if it was a normal fill quantity.
Then click OK. The quantity of disposable material that can be hauled to this disposal area is now 8,000 compacted cubic meters.
2. Create new quantity for "Paving". Navigate to "Insert" and select "Quantity".
- Name: Paving
- Quantity type: Paving
- Total amount: 10800
- Location: Main road line
Select quantities tab and define start and end station (start station 43 000, end station 43 900) and click OK.
All quantities have now been inserted in project.
Step 7: Create tasks from quantities in Mass haul view
Next we are going to create tasks from quantities in Mass haul view.
Select your bill of quantity (Schedule_BOQ) located under "Bills of quantities". Right click and select "Create tasks from quantities".
Tasks for all quantities have now been created and tasks are visible in Gantt view.
Step 7: Edit schedule in Gantt View
Task timings are being calculated automatically according to production rates assigned to quantity types. Task timing can be changed manually if there is no production rate applied to a task.
1. Create a dependency from task "Cut" to task "Rock Crushable". Draw similar dependency between tasks "Fill" and "Noisebank".
Create task dependencies by hovering over the desired task bar and drag the moving arrow downwards to the beginning or end of the task you want to create a dependency with. Release the mouse button to create the dependency.
You can see the bars have moved in Gantt chart accordinly.
2. Modify disposal area task duration. Double click task for "Disposal area" and delete resource type used for the task in resource types tab. Right click on the resouce type row and click "Delete".
In Properties tab change the task duration into 50 days.
Step 8: View schedule in Time-Location view
Time-Location view chart shows road line stations horizontally and time vertically.
1. Open Time-Location view (Home --> Views --> Time-Location view)
2. In some cases it might be better to start a cut or a fill from high station instead of low station. Change start station for task "Cut". Double click line "Cut" and edit "Direction of work" to "High to low". Do the same for "Rock Crushable".
3. Calculate hauls (Project --> Calculate hauls). In Time-Location view click on "Noisebank" to view details of hauls in "Hauls" window located at the bottom right corner of the screen.
Step 9: View and present schedule on a map
To see how the project schedule can be presented on a map of the project, Open the map view.
The date view can be changed from the toolbar located at the top of the screen. Now change it from 25/2021 through 33/2021 and study each week.
- Project starts at week 25 and mass is hauled from the cut on stations 43,000-43,470 to the fill on stations 43,490-43,670. Areas with active tasks are blue. You can move the mouse on top of them to see the location, task names and quantities. Also the Disposal Area is blue to show that it is ready to use.
- During week 26 mass is still hauled to the fill and then to the noisebank.
- During week 27 mass is hauled only from the cut to the noisebank.
- During week 28, after the cut is finished, the excavator crew moves on to the rock cut on stations 43,130-43,410. Mass is hauled from there to the noisebank and also to the disposal area. This is continued on weeks 29 and 30.
- During week 31 paving is started.
- At week 32 all tasks are finished.